History of Watchmaking
The Hamilton Watch Company of Lancaster (Pennsylvania) presented a new generation of electric watches.
Signature of the Treaty of Rome (Common Market).
Launch of the first Sputnik.
Art and Culture
The French writer Albert Camus was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
The Hundred Flowers Movement coincided with a brief interlude of artistic freedom in China.
The American novelist Jack Kerouac published On the Road.
First performance of Leonard Bernstein's West Side Story.