The front of the Guggenheim Museum from 5th Avenue
Launch of Explorer 1, the first American artificial satellite (January 31st).
Mao announced his "Great Leap Forward".
Egypt and Syria founded the short-lived United Arab Republic.
Art and Culture
Boris Pasternak, author of Doctor Zhivago, was given the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Inauguration of the Guggenheim Museum in New York.